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WorldView-1 acquisitions are calibrated using the Orfeo Toolbox.

DN to Radiance

The WorldView-1 product handbook provides the formula below to convert the DN into radiance:

\[ L_{(b)} = gain_{(b)} \times DN_{(b)} \times { abscalfactor \over effectivebandwith } + offset_{(b)} \]


\(gain_{(b)}\) and \(offset_{(b)}\) are values taken from the table below:

Band Gain Offset
pan 1.016 -1.824

And \(abscalfactor\) and \(effectivebandwith\) are extracted from the acquisition metadata.

The conversion from \(DN\) (for Digital Numbers) to spectral radiance (or ‘TOA radiance’) \(L \) is done with the formula below:

\[ L_\lambda = gain \times DN + offset \]

As such, the calibration uses:

\[ gain = gain_{(b)} \times { abscalfactor \over effectivebandwith } \]


\[ offset = offset_{(b)} \]

\(L \) in \(W/m^2/steradians/micrometers\) with \(b\) being a band ID.

Radiance to Reflectance

To convert TOA radiance to TOA reflectance, the following formula is used :

\[ R(b) = { {\pi \times L(b) \times d \times d} \over {ESUN(b) \times cos(θ)} } \]

where :

  • \(L(b)\) is the spectral radiance for band b

  • \(pi\) is the famous mathematical constant

  • \(d\) is the earth-sun distance (in astronomical units) and depends on the acquisition’s day and month

  • \(ESUN(b)\) is the mean TOA solar irradiance (or solar illumination) in \(W/m^2/micrometers\)

  • \(θ\) is the solar zenith angle in degrees.

The values for the \(ESUN(b)\) are provided in the table below:

Common band name Mean TOA solar irradiance
pan 1610.73


The input is an ingested WorldView-1, see details here.


The output is a STAC item geojson ... including the assets ...


RE01 - TODO add reference to slides about WorldView